how long does parrot live

When considering adding a feathered companion to your home, one of the most common questions potential bird owners ask is, “How long does a parrot live?” Understanding the lifespan of a parrot is crucial, as it can greatly influence the commitment and care required.

Parrots are not just vibrant and interactive pets; they are also long-term companions, with some species living as long as humans. In this exploration, we delve into the various factors that influence the lifespan of parrots, ranging from species-specific traits to the impact of care and environment.

Whether you’re a seasoned bird enthusiast or a curious newcomer, gaining insight into the life expectancy of these remarkable birds is essential for fostering a nurturing and lasting relationship with them.

Common Parrot & Pet Birds Average Lifespans

Parrots, known for their vivid colors and ability to mimic human speech, are popular pets worldwide. The lifespan of a parrot varies significantly across species, influenced by factors such as genetics, environment, and quality of care.

Budgerigars (Budgies)

 Often referred to as “budgies,” these small, sociable birds are favorites among pet owners. In the wild, their lifespan is typically around 5-8 years, but with proper care in captivity, they can live up to 10-15 years.

how long do budgies live


These Australian natives are known for their distinctive crest and are among the most popular pet birds. In the wild, they live about 10-14 years, but in captivity, their lifespan extends to 16-25 years with appropriate care.

how long do cockatiel live

African Grey Parrots

Renowned for their intelligence and speaking abilities, African Grey Parrots are large birds that can live a long life. They typically live 40-60 years in captivity, but some have been known to reach 70 years.

african grey parrots life

Amazon Parrots

These are medium-sized parrots known for their playful nature and talking ability. In captivity, they often live for 25-50 years, with some individuals reaching up to 60 years.

amazon parrots live longer


Macaws are large, colorful parrots, famous for their size and vivid plumage. They have one of the longest lifespans among parrots, with many species living 50-60 years in captivity, and some individuals even reaching over 70 years.

how long do macaws live


Small in size but big in personality, Lovebirds usually live for 10-15 years in the wild. In captivity, with proper care, they can live up to 20 years.

how long do lovebirds live

 Eclectus Parrots

Known for their striking sexual dimorphism in coloration, the male being green and the female red and blue, Eclectus Parrots can live for about 30-50 years in captivity.

how long do eclectus parrot live



 These are medium-sized parrots found mostly in South America. Their lifespan varies by species but generally ranges from 15 to 30 years in a domestic setting.

conure lifespan and diet

What Makes Some Parrots Live Longer Than Others?

The lifespan of parrots varies widely among different species. However, several key factors influence why some parrots live longer than others, making this a fascinating aspect of their biology and care. Understanding these factors is crucial for anyone interested in keeping parrots as pets.

The type of parrot plays a significant role. Larger species, like Macaws and African Grey Parrots, generally live longer than smaller ones like Budgerigars (Budgies) or Lovebirds. This difference is largely due to genetics.

Nutrition is crucial for a parrot’s longevity. A diet rich in fruits, vegetables, nuts, and specially formulated pellets contributes to better health and a longer life. Poor diet can lead to malnutrition, obesity, and health issues, shortening their lifespan.

 They need a clean, spacious environment that stimulates their physical and mental activity. Overcrowded or unclean conditions can lead to stress and disease. Adequate space for exercise and toys for mental stimulation are important for their overall well-being.

 They are highly social creatures. Loneliness and boredom can lead to stress, which negatively affects their health. Regular interaction with their human caretakers or other birds can improve their quality of life and longevity.

 Regular veterinary check-ups, including vaccinations and parasite control, are essential for a parrot’s long life. Early detection and treatment of health issues can prevent complications that might shorten their lifespan

 Adequate physical activity is crucial for maintaining a healthy weight and preventing diseases. Flying in a safe area or playing in a spacious cage helps keep them fit and prolongs their lifespan.

 Parrots bred in captivity might have different lifespans compared to their wild counterparts. Responsible breeding practices can lead to healthier birds with potentially longer lifespans.

 They are sensitive to environmental toxins, such as smoke, certain fumes, and household chemicals. Minimizing exposure to these toxins is essential for their long-term health.

Factors That Can Affect Parrot Life Expectancy

When discussing “how long does a parrot live,” it’s important to consider various factors that can significantly impact their life expectancy. These factors can either shorten or extend the natural lifespan of a parrot, depending on how well they are managed.

 Diet and Nutrition

A balanced and nutritious diet is paramount for a parrot’s longevity. Feeding them a variety of fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, and specially formulated pellets ensures they get all the necessary nutrients. A poor diet can lead to obesity or malnutrition, both of which can drastically reduce how long a parrot lives. 

diet and nutrition affect life expectancy of parrots

Quality of Care

 Regular veterinary check-ups, proper grooming, and maintaining a clean living environment are essential aspects of care that can extend a parrot’s life. Neglect in any of these areas can lead to health problems, reducing their lifespan.

Mental and Emotional Well-being

Parrots are highly intelligent and social animals. Mental stimulation through toys, interaction, and training is crucial. Lack of mental engagement can lead to stress and depression, adversely affecting how long a parrot lives.


Adequate physical activity is necessary to keep parrots healthy. Lack of exercise can lead to obesity and related health issues, impacting their overall lifespan.


The genetic background of a parrot plays a role in determining its lifespan. Some species naturally live longer than others. Additionally, genetic disorders can also affect how long a parrot lives.

Social Interaction

 Social interaction with humans or other birds can improve a parrot’s quality of life. Isolation can lead to psychological stress, negatively impacting how long a parrot lives.

Breeding Practices

The breeding history of a parrot can influence its longevity. Birds bred in captivity without consideration for genetic diversity may have a shorter lifespan due to inherited health issues.

Stress Management

 Managing stress is crucial for a parrot’s health. Chronic stress can weaken their immune system, making them more susceptible to diseases, which can considerably shorten how long a parrot lives.

Access to Sunlight and Fresh Air

 Adequate exposure to natural sunlight and fresh air is essential for the well-being of parrots. It helps in vitamin D synthesis and maintains a healthy respiratory system, contributing positively to their lifespan.

5 Best Ways to Improve a Parrot’s Lifespan

Improving a parrot’s lifespan involves a combination of proper care, nutrition, and environment. Here are five effective ways to ensure your feathered friend enjoys a long and healthy life:

Provide a Nutritious Diet

A balanced diet is crucial for a parrot’s health. This includes a variety of fruits, vegetables, nuts, and high-quality pellets. Fresh foods provide essential nutrients and help prevent obesity and nutrient deficiencies. Avoid feeding them avocados and chocolate, which are toxic to birds.

Ensure Regular Exercise

Parrots need physical activity to stay healthy. Allowing them to fly in a safe, enclosed space or providing climbing structures in their cage helps keep them fit. Exercise prevents obesity, strengthens their muscles, and improves mental health.

 Create a Stimulating Environment

Mental stimulation is as important as physical exercise. Parrots are intelligent and can get bored easily. Provide toys that encourage problem-solving, foraging for food, and mimic natural behaviors. Regularly changing these toys helps keep their environment interesting and engaging.

Maintain Social Interaction

Parrots are social creatures and thrive on interaction. Spend time talking to your parrot, teaching them tricks, or simply being in the same room with them. Lack of social interaction can lead to stress and behavioral problems.

 Regular Health Check-Ups

Just like humans, parrots benefit from regular health check-ups. A veterinarian specializing in birds can catch and treat health issues early, which is crucial for a long lifespan. Also, be observant of any changes in your parrot’s behavior or appearance, as these can be early signs of health problems.

parrots in captivity and cage

Final Words

The question “How long does a parrot live?” reveals a complex interplay of factors, including species, genetics, diet, environment, and quality of care. Parrots are not just pets; they are long-term companions that require a significant commitment in terms of time, affection, and responsibility. Their lifespan varies greatly among species, with some living upwards of 70 years. This longevity calls for dedicated care and a deep understanding of their needs.


Which parrots live 140 years?

No parrot species is known to live 140 years. The longest-living parrots, like some Macaws or Cockatoos, can live up to 80 years or slightly more under optimal conditions.

Can parrots live over 100 years?

It is extremely rare for parrots to live over 100 years. While some species have long lifespans, reaching or exceeding 100 years is not typical for any known parrot species.

How long does a green parrot live?

The lifespan of a “green parrot” depends on its specific species. For instance, Amazon parrots, which are often green, can live for 50 to 70 years, whereas a Green-Cheeked Conure typically lives for 15 to 30 years.

How long does a parrot live as a pet?

As pets, parrots can live anywhere from 10 to 80 years, depending on the species, with larger species like Macaws and Cockatoos living longer.

How long does a parrot live in captivity?

In captivity, parrots can live up to 80 years or more, with good care, nutrition, and environment playing a crucial role in their lifespan.

How long does a parrot live in the wild?

In the wild, parrots typically have shorter lifespans due to predators, disease, and environmental challenges, ranging from 10 to 50 years, again depending on the species.

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