what does a parrot eat

Parrots, with their vibrant plumage and remarkable intelligence, have captured the hearts of bird enthusiasts around the world. To keep these colorful companions healthy and thriving, you need to understand “What does a parrot eat?”.

Whether you’re a seasoned parrot owner or considering adopting one of these feathered friends, this guide will provide you with insights into what parrots eat and how to nourish them properly.

Which Fresh Fruits and Vegetables Are Safe For Parrots?

Parrots enjoy a variety of fresh fruits and vegetables, which are important for their diet. Here’s a list of safe and healthy options:

safe fruits and vegetable for parrot diet

Safe Fruits for Parrots:

  • Bananas: Easy to eat and a favorite among many parrots.
  • Apples: Remember to remove the seeds, as they can be toxic.
  • Berries: Such as strawberries, blueberries, and raspberries.
  • Grapes: A sweet treat, but give them in moderation.
  • Melons: Watermelon, cantaloupe, and honeydew are good choices.
  • Oranges: Citrus fruits are okay, but only in small amounts.
  • Pears: Make sure to remove the seeds first.
  • Pineapple: A tropical favorite that’s both juicy and sweet.

Safe Vegetables for Parrots:

  • Carrots: Great for their beta-carotene content.
  • Broccoli: Provides essential vitamins and minerals.
  • Spinach: Full of nutrients but offer in moderation.
  • Peas: Fresh or thawed frozen peas are a good choice.
  • Sweet Potatoes: Cooked sweet potatoes are nutritious and tasty.
  • Bell Peppers: All colors are safe and rich in vitamins.
  • Cucumbers: Good for hydration, but not much nutritional value.
  • Leafy Greens: Like kale and lettuce, but avoid iceberg lettuce as it has little nutritional value.

It’s important to wash all fruits and vegetables thoroughly to remove any pesticides or chemicals. Also, remember that while fruits and vegetables are healthy, they should be part of a balanced diet that includes other foods like seeds and pellets. Feeding a variety of fruits and vegetables ensures that your parrot gets a range of nutrients needed for a healthy life.

What Nutrients Does A Parrot Need?

Parrots require a balanced diet rich in various nutrients to stay healthy and active. Here’s an overview of the essential nutrients a parrot needs:

  1. Proteins: Crucial for growth, feather health, and overall body function. Sources include legumes, seeds, nuts, and specially formulated pellets.
  2. Carbohydrates: Provide energy and come from fruits, vegetables, and grains.
  3. Fats: Essential for energy and overall health. Good sources are nuts and seeds, but they should be given in moderation due to high-calorie content.
  4. Vitamins
  • Vitamin A is important for skin and feather health, as well as vision. Found in carrots, sweet potatoes, and leafy greens.
  • Vitamin D3 is crucial for calcium metabolism. Sunlight exposure or UVB light is important, as it helps parrots synthesize Vitamin D3.
  • Vitamin E supports immune function and is found in nuts and leafy greens.
  • Vitamins B and K play roles in metabolic processes and blood clotting, respectively, and are found in a variety of fresh foods.
  1. Minerals: Calcium is essential for bone health and eggshell formation. Sources include cuttlebone, eggshells, and leafy greens. Phosphorus works with calcium and is found in nuts and seeds. Magnesium, Zinc, and Iron is important for various bodily functions and are found in a balanced diet of fruits, vegetables, and animal protein sources.
  1. Water: Essential for hydration and bodily functions. Fresh, clean water should be available at all times.

It’s important to provide a variety of foods to ensure that your parrot receives all the necessary nutrients. Commercially available parrot pellets are often formulated to be nutritionally complete, but they should be complemented with fresh fruits and vegetables.

Always be cautious with the amount of fruit provided, as too much can lead to excessive sugar intake. Also, avoid over-relying on seeds, as they can lead to nutritional imbalances and obesity. Regular health check-ups with an avian veterinarian can help ensure your parrot is receiving the right balance of nutrients.

Sprouts and Beans for your Parrot

When it comes to providing a nutritious and well-balanced diet for your parrot, incorporating sprouts and beans can be an excellent choice. These wholesome foods offer a variety of health benefits that can contribute to your feathered friend’s overall well-being.

Let’s find out why sprouts and beans are a fantastic addition to your parrot’s diet and how to incorporate them effectively.

The Nutritional Value of Sprouts and Beans

Sprouts and beans are packed with essential nutrients that can help keep your parrot healthy. Here’s a look at what they bring to the table:

1. Protein

Sprouts and beans are rich sources of plant-based protein, which is vital for your parrot’s muscle development and overall energy.

2. Vitamins

They are loaded with vitamins, especially vitamin C and various B vitamins, promoting a strong immune system, healthy feathers, and proper metabolic function.

3. Minerals

These foods provide essential minerals like calcium, iron, and magnesium, crucial for bone health and overall bodily functions.

4. Fiber

Sprouts and beans are high in dietary fiber, aiding in digestion and preventing digestive issues.

5. Antioxidants

They contain antioxidants that can help combat harmful free radicals and promote your parrot’s longevity.

How to Incorporate Sprouts and Beans

Now that you understand the benefits, let’s explore how to incorporate sprouts and beans into your parrot’s diet:

Homemade Sprouts

You can easily make sprouts at home from seeds like lentils, mung beans, or alfalfa. Rinse them, soak overnight, and then rinse and drain daily until they sprout. Offer these fresh sprouts to your parrot as a nutritious snack.

Cooked Beans

Cooked and cooled beans like chickpeas, black beans, or kidney beans can be added to your parrot’s meal. Make sure to cook them without any added salt or seasonings.

Mix with Other Foods

Sprinkle sprouts or beans over your parrot’s regular food or mix them into fresh fruit and vegetable salads for variety.

Monitor Quantity

While sprouts and beans are nutritious, they should be part of a balanced diet. Ensure that they don’t make up the majority of your parrot’s meals.

Freshness Matters

Always offer fresh sprouts and beans to your parrot to maximize their nutritional value.

Incorporating sprouts and beans into your parrot’s diet can enhance their nutrition and contribute to their overall health. These foods offer a delightful mix of vitamins, minerals, and fiber that can keep your feathered companion active and thriving. 

Just remember to introduce new foods gradually and consult with a veterinarian experienced in avian nutrition to ensure your parrot’s dietary needs are met. With the right approach, you can provide your parrot with a well-rounded and enjoyable diet that supports their well-being.

Supplements and Parrots

Ensuring your parrot receives all the necessary nutrients is crucial for their well-being. While a balanced diet is the primary source of nutrition, there are instances where supplements can be beneficial. In this section, we’ll explore the role of supplements in your parrot’s diet, when they may be needed, and how to use them responsibly.

Before delving into supplements, it’s essential to emphasize the significance of a balanced diet for your parrot. A well-rounded diet consisting of fresh fruits, vegetables, seeds, nuts, and other appropriate foods should be the foundation of your parrot’s nutrition. This natural diet provides most of the essential nutrients your parrot needs to stay healthy.

When Supplements Might Be Necessary

Supplements should not replace a balanced diet but can be considered in certain situations:

Calcium and Vitamin D

Parrots, particularly those with a predominantly seed-based diet, may require calcium and vitamin D supplements. Calcium is crucial for strong bones and eggshell formation in breeding females, while vitamin D aids in calcium absorption.

Vitamin Supplements

If your parrot’s diet lacks variety and certain essential vitamins, your avian veterinarian may recommend vitamin supplements. This is more common for parrots with specific health issues or dietary restrictions.

Health Recovery

During illness or recovery from an injury, your parrot might benefit from supplements to support their immune system and overall health. Always follow your veterinarian’s guidance in such cases.

Using Supplements Responsibly

Supplements can play a supportive role in maintaining your parrot’s health, but they should be used judiciously and under the guidance of a qualified avian veterinarian. A well-rounded diet should always be the primary source of nutrition for your feathered companion. 

By ensuring that your parrot receives the right balance of nutrients through their diet and supplements when necessary, you can help them lead a long, healthy, and vibrant life.

When considering supplements for your parrot, keep these guidelines in mind:

Consult a Veterinarian

Before adding any supplements to your parrot’s diet, consult with an avian veterinarian. They can assess your parrot’s individual needs and provide recommendations tailored to their health.

Follow Dosage Instructions

If your veterinarian recommends supplements, adhere to the prescribed dosage carefully. Over-supplementing can be harmful and lead to imbalances.

Quality Matters

Choose high-quality supplements specifically designed for parrots. Avoid generic or low-quality products, as they may not provide the necessary nutrients and could contain harmful additives.

 Monitor Your Parrot

Keep a close eye on your parrot’s health when introducing supplements. Look for any adverse reactions or changes in behavior, and report them to your veterinarian.

Balanced Diet First

Supplements should complement a balanced diet, not replace it. Always prioritize offering a variety of fresh, natural foods to meet your parrot’s nutritional needs.

Favorite Food of Green Parrot

Food Category Favorite Foods
Fruits Apples, Grapes, Bananas
Vegetables Broccoli, Carrots, Spinach
Nuts Almonds, Walnuts, Pecans
Seeds Sunflower Seeds, Pumpkin Seeds
Berries Blueberries, Strawberries, Raspberries
Miscellaneous Corn, Peas, Sweet Potatoes


Commercial Seed Mixes for Your Parrot

Commercial seed mixes can be a part of your parrot’s diet, but they should not be the sole or primary source of nutrition for your parrot. While these mixes typically contain a variety of seeds that parrots enjoy, they may lack the essential nutrients required for a balanced diet.

While it’s okay to offer commercial seed mixes to your parrot as an occasional treat or part of their diet, they should not be the primary food source. Providing a balanced diet that includes a variety of fresh foods, supplemented with pellets, is generally a healthier choice for your parrot’s overall well-being.

Things to Know Before Adding Commercial Seed Mixes in Your Parrot Diet

  • Nutritional Balance: Many commercial seed mixes are high in fat and lack the essential vitamins and minerals that parrots need for good health. Relying solely on these mixes can lead to nutritional deficiencies.
  • Selective Eating: Parrots have a tendency to selectively eat their favorite seeds and may ignore others. This can lead to an imbalanced diet if they consistently choose high-fat seeds over more nutritious options.
  • Variety is Key: A balanced diet for parrots should include a variety of foods, such as fresh fruits, vegetables, and, in some cases, pellets. These provide the essential nutrients that seed mixes may lack.
  • Supplementation: If you choose to include seed mixes in your parrot’s diet, consider them as a treat or supplement rather than the primary food source. Ensure that your parrot’s diet is well-rounded and nutritionally complete.

Pellets and Parrot

Pellets are a popular dietary option for parrots and can offer several advantages when properly incorporated into their diet. Here’s a closer look at pellets and their role in providing essential nutrition for your feathered companion:

What Are Pellets?

Pellets are formulated bird foods designed to provide a balanced and complete diet for parrots. They come in various shapes, sizes, and colors, catering to different parrot species and preferences. These pellets are made from a mixture of grains, seeds, vegetables, fruits, and fortified with essential vitamins and minerals.

The Advantages of Pellets for Parrots

  • Nutritional Balance:Pellets are carefully formulated to offer a consistent and balanced diet, reducing the risk of nutritional deficiencies that can occur with a seed-based diet.
  • Essential Nutrients: Pellets contain essential vitamins, minerals, and amino acids, ensuring your parrot gets all the necessary nutrients for proper growth, feather health, and overall well-being.
  • Convenience: Pellets are convenient and less messy than seeds, as they produce fewer hulls and debris. They are also less likely to be selectively eaten, promoting a more balanced intake of nutrients.
  • Reduced Sugar and Fat: Unlike some seed mixes that can be high in fat and sugar, pellets are generally lower in fat and sugar content.
  • Dental Health: Chewing on pellets can help maintain your parrot’s beak and dental health, preventing overgrowth.
  • Behavioral Benefits: Many parrots enjoy the crunchiness of pellets, providing mental stimulation and preventing boredom.

How to Incorporate Pellets into Your Parrot’s Diet

If your parrot is accustomed to a seed-based diet, introduce pellets gradually by mixing them with the seeds. Over time, increase the pellet-to-seed ratio until your parrot is primarily consuming pellets.

Combine pellets with fresh fruits, vegetables, and occasional treats to provide a well-rounded and enjoyable diet.

Always consult with an avian veterinarian before making significant dietary changes for your parrot. They can provide guidance on the best pellet brand and ensure it aligns with your parrot’s specific needs.

Pellets can be a valuable component of your parrot’s diet, offering essential nutrients and promoting a balanced intake of food. 

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Pellets or Seeds for Parrots: What’s the Best Choice?

Choosing the right food for your parrot is a crucial decision for their health and well-being. One of the most significant debates in parrot nutrition is whether to feed them pellets or seeds. In this section, we’ll explore the advantages and disadvantages of both options, helping you make an informed choice for your feathered friend.

Pros and Cons of Pallets


  • Nutritional Balance: Pellets are formulated to provide a balanced diet with essential vitamins and minerals. They aim to meet all of your parrot’s nutritional requirements in one food source.
  • Consistency: Pellets offer a consistent nutritional profile, reducing the risk of dietary deficiencies that can occur with a seed-based diet.
  • Reduced Selective Eating: Parrots can be picky eaters, often choosing their favorite seeds and ignoring the rest. Pellets can discourage selective eating, ensuring your parrot consumes a broader range of nutrients.
  • Convenience: Pellets are convenient and less messy than seeds, as they produce fewer hulls and debris.

  • Limited Variety: Some argue that an exclusive pellet diet lacks the variety and mental stimulation that a diverse diet provides.
  • Texture and Taste: Parrots may not immediately accept pellets, as they have a different texture and taste than seeds. Transitioning to pellets might require patience and perseverance.


Pros and Cons of Seeds


  • Variety: Seeds offer a variety of textures, tastes, and shapes, which can be more stimulating and enjoyable for your parrot.
  • Naturalness: Seeds mimic a more natural diet for parrots, as many species in the wild primarily consume seeds.
  • Preference: Some parrots have a strong preference for seeds and may resist a switch to pellets.

Nutritional Imbalance: Seeds are often deficient in essential nutrients like vitamins and minerals, and parrots may selectively eat their favorite seeds, leading to dietary deficiencies.

Messy: Seeds can be messy, as they produce hulls and debris that scatter around the cage.


Pellets Vs Seeds -Finding the Right Balance

The choice between pellets and seeds doesn’t have to be absolute. Many parrot owners opt for a combination of both to provide variety and ensure nutritional adequacy. Here are some tips:

Seek advice from an avian veterinarian to determine the best diet for your specific parrot’s species, age, and health.If transitioning from seeds to pellets, do it gradually by mixing increasing amounts of pellets into the seed diet over several weeks.

Supplement your parrot’s diet with fresh fruits, vegetables, and occasional treats like nuts to enhance variety and nutrition.

Pay close attention to your parrot’s health and behavior. Adjust their diet as needed to maintain optimal weight and well-being.

The choice between pellets and seeds for your parrot depends on various factors, including your parrot’s species, individual preferences, and dietary needs. Both options have their advantages and disadvantages, and some parrots thrive on a combination of both. 

Portion Size for Different Kinds of Parrot (Table)

Portion sizes for parrots can vary depending on the specific species, age, and activity level of the bird. Here’s a general guideline for portion sizes for different types of parrots:

Parrot Species Portion Size
Small Parrots (e.g., Budgerigars, Lovebirds) 1 to 2 tablespoons of food per day
Medium Parrots (e.g., Cockatiels, Conures) 2 to 4 tablespoons of food per day
Large Parrots (e.g., Amazons, African Greys) 1/4 to 1/2 cup of food per day
Extra-Large Parrots (e.g., Macaws, Cockatoos) 1/2 to 1 cup of food per day

Keep in mind that this is a general guideline, and an individual parrot’s dietary needs can vary. It’s essential to monitor your parrot’s weight and overall health and adjust portion sizes accordingly. 

Additionally, a well-rounded diet for parrots should include a variety of foods, including pellets, fresh fruits, and vegetables, to ensure they receive a balanced nutritional intake. Consult with an avian veterinarian for specific recommendations tailored to your parrot’s needs.

What Food Parrots Can’t Eat?

Parrots should avoid certain foods that can be harmful or even toxic to them. Here’s a list of what not to feed your parrot:

  • Avocado: Contains persin, a substance that can be toxic to parrots.
  • Chocolate: Contains theobromine and caffeine, which are toxic to birds.
  • Onions and Garlic: Can cause digestive upset and may lead to anemia in birds.
  • Apple Seeds and Fruit Pits: Seeds from apples, cherries, peaches, and apricots contain cyanide, which is poisonous.
  • Mushrooms: Some mushrooms can be toxic to parrots.
  • Caffeine: Found in coffee, tea, and some sodas, caffeine is harmful to birds.
  • Alcohol: Even small amounts of alcohol can be dangerous for parrots.
  • Salt and Sugary Foods: Excessive salt and sugar can lead to health issues.
  • Fatty Foods: High-fat foods can lead to obesity and liver problems in parrots.
  • Dairy Products: Parrots cannot digest lactose found in dairy products effectively.
  • Xylitol: This artificial sweetener found in some sugar-free products is toxic to birds.
  • Raw or Dried Beans: Raw beans can be harmful; beans should always be cooked before offering to a parrot.


The diet of a parrot plays a pivotal role in its overall health, longevity, and quality of life. As we’ve explored in this guide, parrots are not one-size-fits-all when it comes to nutrition. Their dietary needs can vary based on species, age, and individual preferences.From the variety of fruits and vegetables that provide essential vitamins to the debate over pellets versus seeds, there is much to consider. However, the key to ensuring a happy and healthy parrot lies in providing a balanced diet tailored to their specific requirements.


What food do parrots eat?

Parrots primarily eat fruits, vegetables, nuts, and seeds.

Can parrots eat rice?

Yes, parrots can eat rice in moderation.

Do parrots eat all day?

Parrots don’t eat all day; they have specific feeding times.

Can parrots eat bread?

Parrots can eat bread occasionally, but it’s not their ideal food.

Does parrot eat chillies?

Parrots should avoid spicy foods like chili peppers.

Do parrots eat meat?

Parrots are not strict carnivore, but some may consume small amounts of meat or insects in the wild.

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